The necropolis of Bes-Shatyr (Five Tents) used to be a place of worship for the ancient Scythians dwelling on the territory of the nowadays Kazakhstan in the 1st century BC. Here, on the territory of 2 sq. km, 18 imperial mounds of about 9 m. in diameter and about 2.5 m. in altitude are situated. Under the mounds one can see crypts made of logs of the Tyan-Shan fur-tree. This unique monument of the early nomads is in Semirechye, in the head waters of the Ili River. To the west of the imperial mounds, the circuit of 45 stone stoves with pictures of animals carved on them extends from the north to the south. Scientists consider this place the ritual part of the necropolis.

The Besshatyr necropolis is considered, as a relic of the ancient Sakis living on the territory of Kazakhstan in the I millennium B.C. 18 royal burrows from 8 up to 70 meters in diameter and from 2 up to 20 meters in height are concentrated therein an area of 2 sq. km. The chain of 45 immovable stone fences lies to the West of the royal tombs from the North to the South, on which drawings of animals are stamped. The scientists assume, that it is a ritual necropolis site. The complex under the burial-vaults is built tip of Tien-Shan fir-trees under the embankments. The area of the funerary wooden “house” is 20 sq. m. and the height is 3 m.

Ancient people are believed to produce bullets from this wood. You’ll also have a chance to visit an impressive group of tumuli, the so-called king’s burial mounds Besshatyr (bes=five).

The huge hills of which the largest is 17 m high with the diameter of 104 m are the burial-ground of Saxon leaders and generals of the VII th- lll rd centuries B.C. The tumuli are surrounded by the rings of menhirs – metal constructions that are similar to those of Stonehenge erected in Great Britain.

The River Ili along which numerous caravans of the Great Silk Road used to take these routes lows near these tumuli nowadays the tourists have an opportunity to swim in the river, to enjoy its beaches and admire a huge cliff of the red stone rising 100 m above the river.


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