Central Kazakhstan

The territory of Central Kazakhstan covers 398.8 sq. km. Population 1728.7 thousand people. Density of population 4,5 people for 1 sq. km., 86% live in towns and settlements. Central Kazakhstan is the treasury of natural resources.Lake Balkhash, one of the largest lakes in the world, and a unique Kargalinsky woody-mountain oasis are situated in Central Kazakhstan (Karagandinskaya oblast). Mountaineers will not be indifferent to kinds of picturesque Ulutau Mountains. This region has a lot of memorable places, which have preserved archeological and ethnographical sights.

Saryarka

Freely and vastly spread the slopes of Saryarka: picturesque granite massifs of Karkaraly, Kent, Kyzylrai mountains in the east to Tengiz Lake and Ulutau mountains in the west, from the Ishim River in the north to Betpak-Dala desert in the south spreads a large steppe, which was called long time ago by the kazakh people as Sary Arka, which means the yellow range.
The nature generously bestowed upon this land. Its bowels are rich in natural resources. Here in the very heart of Eurasian continent summer and winter pastures spread and the mountains and hills glitter with blue light. This area is not so waterless and dry as it had been accustomed to think. This area has besides Tengiz Lake more than 200 lakes – habitats of swams, gees, ducks, cranes and herons.

Karkaralinsky State National Natural Park

The name of Karkaraly roots from the name of national kazakh women’s hats – karkary, artfully covered with beads, necklaces, the silk, velvet and owl feathers. And like this bright Karkara, Karkaralinsky Mountains shine with all colors of rainbow. Its high is comparatively small: the highest point is three-pinnacle peak of Komsomol (1403 m. above sea level), and over the surrounding hills it rises to 400-500 m. The total territory of the oasis is about 1000 sq. km. The mountains are covered with pine and pirch woods, various kinds of grass. The names of the cliffs, mountains, valleys, lakes, rivers given them by the people eloquently speak about of those lands: the Eagle Summit, the Dear Mountain, the Red Bird Hill, the Red Mountain Clif and lakes: Mirror Deep, Plough, Shaitankol (Hell Lake).

Karasor Lake (Tyzdigul), has an area of 250 sq. km. The lake is rich in fish. The consistence of salts in the lake is more than the seawater. On its banks there are curable dirties. About 10 little rivers flow to this lake.
Balkhash Lake

There is a legend, saying that rich man Balkhash had a beautiful daughter Ili. Once Balkhash held a feast and promised to give the winner of the contest his daughter as a wife. Ili loved Karatal the shepard. She helped Karatal to win the contest of grooms. But Balkhash didn’t want to give him Ili. And the young lovers ran away. And the angry father could not catch the fugitives so he turned them into rivers and turned himself into a lake between them.

Balkhash Lake is the largest mouthless pond after the Caspian and Aral seas. Its length is 614 km., width is 3,5 to 44 km, the maximum depth is 26 m. The phenomena of Balkhash Lake is the different mineralisation of its western and eastern parts, connected by a narrow gulf. The western part gets water from the Ili River and is fresh; the eastern part is galty. The nature of Balkhash is wonderful of contrasts.

Bektuata Mountain Range

Bektuata Mountain Range is an oasis of North Pribalkhashye. The pink peak of Bektuata soared in to the high of more than 1000 m. In clear weather it can be seen over 100 km. afar, so it is not called in vain the light house of Pribalkhashye. Bektuata is not vast (4000 hectares), but it includes a great variety of wonderful rocks and gorges. In the bowels of the caves one can find mountain crystal morion a rare mineral pesocwarts.
Numerous ancient monuments and mounds many of which has been preserved and may be still hiding mysteries of life. In Saryarka 88 archeological sites situated in different regions are taken the state safety. There are Aktasti and Klish mound, Dermen settlement, Aidagarly cave, the group of mounds of Karasy winter set etc. The most interesting specimen of cultural architecture of the 18th c. is Ak-Beket Mazar. Mazar is a circular building in the shape of yurta (tent).

So, the Central Kazakhstan is the land where centuries met. The last archeological excavating testify that the steppes of Saryarka were included onto the trade and cultural sphere of the Great Silk Road. In the nutshell, the meeting with Saryarka promises to everybody who wants to come here many interesting places.

available from www.kazakhstan.orexca.com

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